Trenčín, West Slovakia by jandudas on Flickr.
Typical medieval fortified castle which is situated on a rock above the city. Trenčín is best known for a Roman inscription on the castle rock from 179, stemming from the era of the Marcomannic Wars, a series of wars between the Roman Empire and the Germanic Quadi. It denotes the site as Laugaricio and is the northernmost evidence of the presence of Roman soldiers in central Europe. Under its Greek name Leukaristos, Trenčín was also depicted on the Ptolemy world map (about 150 AD). The Trenčín Castle, founded plausibly during the Great Moravian era, became the administrative center of Trenčín county by the end of the 11th century.
As one of the few stone castles in the Kingdom of Hungary it resisted the disastrous invasion of Mongols in 1241. In 1263 Trenčín was in the possession of Jakab Cseszneky royal swordbearer, but in 1302 King Wenceslas I took it away from the Cseszneky brothers because they were supporting his rival Charles Robert, and donated it to Matyás Csák. Between 1302 and 1321 the castle was the seat of the powerful magnate Matyás Csák who controlled most of the present-day Slovakia.